COUNTRY IN FOCUS: NICARAGUA

COUNTRY IN FOCUS: NICARAGUA

FACTS AND FIGURES

Basic Facts
Official name Republic of Nicaragua
 
Capital Managua
 
Area 129,494 sq km
  49,998 sq mi
 
 
 
People
Population 5,780,586 (2008 estimate)
 
Population growth
Population growth rate 1.82 percent (2008 estimate)
 
 
Projected population in 2025 7,510,206 (2025 estimate)
 
 
Projected population in 2050 9,437,504 (2050 estimate)
 
 
 
Population density 48 persons per sq km (2008 estimate)
  125 persons per sq mi (2008 estimate)
 
 
 
Urban/rural distribution
Share urban 58 percent (2005 estimate)
 
 
Share rural 42 percent (2005 estimate)
 
 
 
Largest cities, with population
Managua 937,489 (2005)
 
 
León 174,051 (2005)
 
 
 
Ethnic groups
Mestizo 69 percent
 
 
European 17 percent
 
 
Black African 9 percent
 
 
Native American (including Miskito, Sumo, Rama, and Garifuna) 5 percent
 
 
 
Languages
Spanish (official), Garúƒuna, Miskito, Sumo, Rama, English
 
NOTE: English and Native American languages are spoken by small groups on the Atlantic coast.
 
 
Religious affiliations
Roman Catholic 85 percent
 
 
Protestant 12 percent
 
 
Other 3 percent
 
 
 
Health and Education
Life expectancy
Total 71.2 years (2008 estimate)
 
 
Female 73.4 years (2008 estimate)
 
 
Male 69.1 years (2008 estimate)
 
 
 
Infant mortality rate 26 deaths per 1,000 live births (2008 estimate)
 
Population per physician 608 people (2004)
 
Population per hospital bed 1,111 people (2003)
 
Literacy rate
Total 68.2 percent (2005 estimate)
 
 
Female 68.5 percent (2005 estimate)
 
 
Male 67.8 percent (2005 estimate)
 
 
 
Education expenditure as a share of gross national product (GNP) 3.2 percent (2002-2003)
 
Number of years of compulsory schooling 6 years (2002-2003)
 
Number of students per teacher, primary school 35 students per teacher (2002-2003)
 
Government
Form of government Republic
 
Voting qualifications Universal at age 16
 
Constitution 9 January 1987; amended 1995, 2000
 
Armed forces
Total number of military personnel 14,000 (2004)
 
 
Military expenditures as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) 1.2 percent (2003)
 
 
 
Economy
Gross domestic product (GDP, in U.S.$) $5.3 billion (2006)
 
GDP per capita (U.S.$) $958.10 (2006)
 
GDP by economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 19.7 percent (2006)
 
 
Industry 29.5 percent (2006)
 
 
Services 50.8 percent (2006)
 
 
 
Employment
Number of workers 2,108,448 (2006)
 
 
 
Workforce share of economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 31 percent (2003)
 
 
Industry 18 percent (2003)
 
 
Services 40 percent (2003)
 
 
Unemployment rate 7.8 percent (2003)
 
 
 
National budget (U.S.$)
Total revenue $997 million (2006)
 
 
Total expenditure $1,020 million (2006)
 
 
 
Monetary unit
1 córdoba (C$), consisting of 100 centavos
 
 
Major trade partners for exports
United States, El Salvador, Honduras, Germany, and Costa Rica
 
 
Major trade partners for imports
United States, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Mexico

 

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