COUNTRY IN FOCUS: LATVIA

COUNTRY IN FOCUS: LATVIA

FACTS AND FIGURES

Basic Facts
Official name Republic of Latvia
 
Capital Rīga
 
Area 63,700 sq km
  24,600 sq mi
 
 
 
People
Population 2,245,423 (2008 estimate)
 
Population growth
Population growth rate -0.63 percent (2008 estimate)
 
 
Projected population in 2025 1,992,516 (2025 estimate)
 
 
Projected population in 2050 1,544,073 (2050 estimate)
 
 
 
Population density 35 persons per sq km (2008 estimate)
  91 persons per sq mi (2008 estimate)
 
 
 
Urban/rural distribution
Share urban 66 percent (2005 estimate)
 
 
Share rural 34 percent (2005 estimate)
 
 
 
Largest cities, with population  
Rīga 735,241 (2004 estimate)
 
 
Daugavpils 111,231 (2004 estimate)
 
 
Liepāja 86,496 (2004 estimate)
 
 
Jelgava 66,088 (2004 estimate)
 
 
Jūrmala 55,452 (2004 estimate)
 
 
 
Ethnic groups
Latvian 58 percent
 
 
Russian 30 percent
 
 
Belarusian 4 percent
 
 
Ukrainian 3 percent
 
 
Polish 2 percent
 
 
Lithuanian 1 percent
 
 
Other 2 percent
 
 
 
Languages
Latvian (official), Russian, Lithuanian
 
 
Religious affiliations
Nonreligious 26 percent
 
 
Orthodox Christian (Eastern Orthodox) 23 percent
 
 
Protestant 24 percent
 
 
Roman Catholic 20 percent
 
 
Atheist 6 percent
 
 
Other 1 percent
 
 
 
Health and Education
Life expectancy  
Total 71.9 years (2008 estimate)
 
 
Female 77.3 years (2008 estimate)
 
 
Male 66.7 years (2008 estimate)
 
 
 
Infant mortality rate 9 deaths per 1,000 live births (2008 estimate)
 
Population per physician 319 people (2006)
 
Population per hospital bed 128 people (2003)
 
Literacy rate
Total 99.8 percent (2005 estimate)
 
 
Female 99.8 percent (2005 estimate)
 
 
Male 99.8 percent (2005 estimate)
 
 
 
Education expenditure as a share of gross national product (GNP) 5.8 percent (2002-2003)
 
Number of years of compulsory schooling 9 years (2002-2003)
 
Number of students per teacher, primary school 14 students per teacher (2002-2003)
 
Government
Form of government Republic
 
Voting qualifications Universal at age 18
 
Constitution
In 1993 the constitution of 15 February 1922 was fully restored.
 
 
Armed forces
Total number of military personnel 5,238 (2004)
 
 
Military expenditures as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) 1.9 percent (2003)
 
 
 
Economy
Gross domestic product (GDP, in U.S.$) $20.1 billion (2006)
 
GDP per capita (U.S.$) $8,793.70 (2006)
 
GDP by economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 3.7 percent (2006)
 
 
Industry 21.5 percent (2006)
 
 
Services 74.8 percent (2006)
 
 
 
Employment
Number of workers 1,101,602 (2006)
 
 
 
Workforce share of economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 12 percent (2005)
 
 
Industry 26 percent (2005)
 
 
Services 62 percent (2005)
 
 
Unemployment rate 8.7 percent (2005)
 
 
 
National budget (U.S.$)
Total revenue $5,421 million (2006)
 
 
Total expenditure $5,773 million (2006)
 
 
 
Monetary unit 1 lats, consisting of 100 santimi
 
Major trade partners for exports
Germany, United Kingdom, Sweden, Lithuania, and Russia
 
 
Major trade partners for imports
Germany, Russia, Lithuania, Finland, and Sweden
 
 

 

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