COUNTRY IN FOCUS: UKRAINE

COUNTRY IN FOCUS: UKRAINE

FACTS AND FIGURES

Basic Facts
Official name Ukraine
 
Capital Kyiv
 
Area 603,700 sq km
  233,100 sq mi
 
 
 
People
Population 45,994,287 (2008 estimate)
 
Population growth
Population growth rate -0.65 percent (2008 estimate)
 
 
Projected population in 2025 41,037,583 (2025 estimate)
 
 
Projected population in 2050 33,573,842 (2050 estimate)
 
 
 
Population density 76 persons per sq km (2008 estimate)
  197 persons per sq mi (2008 estimate)
 
 
 
Urban/rural distribution
Share urban 67 percent (2005 estimate)
 
 
Share rural 33 percent (2005 estimate)
 
 
 
Largest cities, with population  
Kyiv 2,618,000 (2003 estimate)
 
 
Kharkiv 1,445,173 (2005 estimate)
 
 
Dnipropetrovs’k 1,040,000 (2007 estimate)
 
 
Odessa 989,468 (2005 estimate)
 
 
Donets’k 991,310 (2005 estimate)
 
 
 
Ethnic groups
Ukrainian 73 percent
 
 
Russian 22 percent
 
 
Other 5 percent
 
 
 
Languages
Ukrainian (official), Russian, Romanian, Polish
 
 
Religious affiliations
Orthodox (Ukrainian) Christian 54 percent
 
 
Eastern Catholic (Byzantine rite) 11 percent
 
 
Atheist 4 percent
 
 
Nonreligious 10 percent
 
 
Other 20 percent
 
 
 
Health and Education
Life expectancy  
Total 68.1 years (2008 estimate)
 
 
Female 74.2 years (2008 estimate)
 
 
Male 62.2 years (2008 estimate)
 
 
 
Infant mortality rate 9 deaths per 1,000 live births (2008 estimate)
 
Population per physician 320 people (2006)
 
Population per hospital bed 114 people (2003)
 
Literacy rate
Total 99.6 percent (2000 estimate)
 
 
Female 99.5 percent (2000 estimate)
 
 
Male 99.8 percent (2000 estimate)
 
 
 
Education expenditure as a share of gross national product (GNP) 5.5 percent (2002-2003)
 
Number of years of compulsory schooling 9 years (2002-2003)
 
Number of students per teacher, primary school 19 students per teacher (2002-2003)
 
Government
Form of government Republic
 
Head of state President
 
Head of government Prime minister
Legislature Unicameral legislature
 
 
  Supreme Council: 450 members
 
 
 
Voting qualifications Universal at age 18
 
Constitution 28 June 1996
 
Highest court Constitutional Court; Supreme Court
 
Armed forces
Total number of military personnel 187,600 (2004)
 
 
Military expenditures as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) 2.1 percent (2003)
 
 
 
First-level political divisions 24 oblasts
 
Economy
Gross domestic product (GDP, in U.S.$) $106.5 billion (2006)
 
GDP per capita (U.S.$) $2,275.60 (2006)
 
GDP by economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 8.7 percent (2006)
 
 
Industry 34.6 percent (2006)
 
 
Services 56.7 percent (2006)
 
 
 
Employment
Number of workers 22,493,030 (2006)
 
 
 
Workforce share of economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 19 percent (2005)
 
 
Industry 24 percent (2005)
 
 
Services 56 percent (2005)
 
 
Unemployment rate 8.6 percent (2004)
 
 
 
National budget (U.S.$)
Total revenue 39,012 million (2006)
 
 
Total expenditure 39,647 million (2006)
 
 
 
Monetary unit 1 hryvnia, consisting of 100 kopiykas
 
Major trade partners for exports
Russia, Turkey, Italy, Germany, and United States
 
 
Major trade partners for imports
Russia, Turkmenistan, Germany, Kazakhstan, and United States

 

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